Metabolic Responses of the Microalga Neochloris oleoabundans to Extracellular Self- and Nonself-DNA



Te invitamos a leer el artículo "Metabolic Responses of the Microalga Neochloris oleoabundans to Extracellular Self- and Nonself-DNA" publicado en International Journal of Molecular Sciences, a cargo del investigador Edmundo Lozoya Gloria de la Unidad Irapuato.

Mónica A. Zárate López, Elizabeth Quintana Rodríguez, Domancar Orona Tamayo, Víctor Aguilar Hernández, Jesús A. Araujo León, Ligia Brito Argáez, Jorge Molina Torres, José Luis Hernández Flores, Víctor M. Loyola Vargas, Nancy E. Lozoya Pérez y Edmundo Lozoya Gloria.

Stressed organisms identify intracellular molecules released from damaged cells due to trauma or pathogen infection as components of the innate immune response. These molecules called DAMPs (Damage-Associated Molecular Patterns) are extracellular ATP, sugars, and extracellular DNA, among others. Animals and plants can recognize their own DNA applied externally (self-exDNA) as a DAMP with a high degree of specificity. However, little is known about the microalgae responses to damage when exposed to DAMPs and specifically to self-exDNAs. Here we compared the response of the oilseed microalgae Neochloris oleoabundans to self-exDNA, with the stress responses elicited by nonself-exDNA, methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3). We analyzed the peroxidase enzyme activity related to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), as well as the production of polyphenols, lipids, triacylglycerols, and phytohormones. After 5 min of addition, self-exDNA induced peroxidase enzyme activity higher than the other elicitors. Polyphenols and lipids were increased by self-exDNA at 48 and 24 h, respectively. Triacylglycerols were increased with all elicitors from addition and up to 48 h, except with nonself-exDNA. Regarding phytohormones, self-exDNA and MeJA increased gibberellic acid, isopentenyladenine, and benzylaminopurine at 24 h. Results show that Neochloris oleoabundans have self-exDNA specific responses.


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20/07/2023 01:35:16 p. m.