Nematicidal effect of an Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. cystatin (AhCPI) on the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood



Te invitamos a leer el artículo "Nematicidal effect of an Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. cystatin (AhCPI) on the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood" publicado en Annals of Applied Biology, a cargo de la investigadora Silvia Valdés-Rodríguez de la Unidad Irapuato.

María Magdalena Cervantes Juan, Jorge E. Ibarra, Víctor Olalde Portugal, María Karina Manzo Valencia, Marco Antonio Meraz Mercado, Silvia Valdés Rodríguez

The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita is one of the most damaging plant parasitic nematodes in the world. In this study, the effect of cystatin from Amaranthus hypochondriacus (AhCPI) as a potential control agent for M. incognita was explored. In vitro bioassays demonstrated that AhCPI affects the growth and development of eggs and the infectivity of juveniles (J2) of M. incognita, such as mortality and slower development, showing characteristic tissue damage. Mortality levels were quantified by Probit analysis, estimating LC50s of 1.4 mg/mL for eggs and 0.028 mg/mL for J2. In planta bioassays showed that infected tomato seedlings treated with 0.056 mg/mL of AhCPI showed a 60% reduction in the number of galls, as compared with untreated J2-inoculated seedlings. Under greenhouse conditions, three applications of 10 mL of AhCPI (1.4 mg/mL) in the soil around the stem of M. incognita-infected tomato plants, reduced the number of galls by 93 ± 8%, as compared to the control M. incognita-infected plants. The application of AhCPI to the infected plants increased the yield (10.7%) of harvested tomato fruits, as compared to infected plants. These results show the potential of AhCPI for the control of M. incognita in tomato plants.


Cinvestav © 2024
20/07/2023 01:35:16 p. m.