Evidence for the existence of facilitatory interactions between the dopamine D2 receptor and the oxytocin receptor in the amygdala of the rat. Relevance for anxiolytic actions OPEN ACCESS
12 de Octubre de 2023
Invitamos a leer el artículo: “Evidence for the existence of facilitatory interactions between the dopamine D2 receptor and the oxytocin receptor in the amygdala of the rat. Relevance for anxiolytic actions OPEN ACCESS”, en la que colaboró la Doctora Luisa Rocha Arrieta, Investigadora de Cinvestav Sede Sur
Autores: Juan Carlos Hernández Mondragón, Dexter A. Hernández Hernández, Minerva Crespo Ramírez, Oscar Prospero García, Luisa Rocha Arrieta, Kjell Fuxe, Dasiel O. Borroto Escuela y Miguel Perez de la Mora
Felicitamos al estudiantado y profesorado que contribuyeron en esta investigación por su arduo trabajo.
Abstract: Introduction: The amygdala is a limbic region of high value for understanding anxiety and its treatment. Dopamine D2 receptors (D2Rs) and oxytocin receptors (OXTRs) have both been shown to participate in modulating anxiety involving effects in the amygdala. The goal is to understand if D2R–OXTR heterocomplexes exist in the central amygdala and if, through enhancing allosteric receptor–receptor interactions, may enhance anxiolytic actions. Methods: The methods used involve the shock-probe burying test, the in situ proximity ligation assay (PLA), image acquisition and analysis, and the BRET2 assay. Bilateral cannulas were introduced into the amygdala, and the effects of the coadministration of oxytocin and the D2R-like agonist quinpirole into the amygdala were studied. Results: The combination treatment enhanced the anxiolytic effects compared to the single treatment. The D2R/D3R antagonist raclopride blocked the effects of the combination treatment of oxytocin and the D2R agonist, although oxytocin is regarded as a distinct modulator of fear-mediating anxiolytic effects. In situ PLA results indicate the existence of D2R–OXTR heteroreceptor complexes and/or the co-location of OXTR and D2R within the same cell membrane nanodomains in the central amygdala. With BRET2, evidence is given for the existence of D2R–OXTR heteromers in HEK293 cells upon co-transfection. Discussion: The enhanced behavioral effects observed upon co-treatment with OXTR and D2R agonists may reflect the existence of improved positive receptor–receptor interactions in the putative D2R–OXTR heterocomplexes in certain neuronal populations of the basolateral and central amygdala. The D2R–OXTR heterocomplex, especially upon agonist co-activation in the central amygdala, may open a new pharmacological venue for the treatment of anxiety.
Keywords: G protein-coupled receptors, oligomerization, heteroreceptor complexes, oxytocin receptor, dopamine D2 receptor, amygdala, anxiety